Location of your pond is one of the most important factors you must figure out before you start. You pond needs to be out of direct sunlight if possible. It be best if it isn’t directly under trees because of falling debris. It needs to be close to electricity and also close enough that you can enjoy it!
The size of you pond depends on the space you have and the type of fish you want. If you are sure you want koi you need to have a larger pond. Koi can grow to be quite large. A koi pond needs to be at least 15 feet by 10 feet. If you were thinking about something smaller, you may have to go with goldfish.
There is several types of material you can use to build you pond. These are concrete, pre-molded liners, flexible liners, PVC, and rubber. Flexible liners are becoming more common because there is so many different things you can do with them.
Adding terraces to your pond is a good idea. These terraces look like shelves inside your pond. They give different depths of water for your fish and also provide a convenient place to put your plants.
A waterfall or fountain is a great addition to your pond. It provides much needed aeration to your pond. This improves the water quality and the health of your fish.
Plants are an important feature to add to your pond. They give your fish a place to hide and they also help improve water quality. Be sure to add greens to your fish food to keep your fish from eating all your plants.
Monitoring the water quality and adding filtration is very important. The pH and the hardness of the water is the most important. Biological filters are very popular and they only need to be cleaned once or twice a year. Your pump needs to be able to turn over the complete volume of the pond every three hours. A skimmer may also be helpful to get rid of extra debris. This keeps your pump from working so hard.
When you are ready to start digging your pond lay out a rope in the design you want. When you start digging add your shelves. As a general guide the first shelf can be twelve inches deep and twelve inches wide and then go on to the next one. Watch for sharp rocks that can tear your liner. Next you can add your plumbing for your filter, overflow pipe, and drain. Be sure to add a 1-2″ layer of sand in the bottom and on the shelves of your pond.
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